Name? Need to add more to this page. Books have been written on this so I expect more.
General Douglas MacArthur sent Task Force Smith, a minimal contingent of only 540 men who engaged North Korean forces on July 5 and were quickly routed. American troops fell back amidst a chaotic flood of refugees, eventually holding a line around the city of Pusan at the southern tip of the peninsula, which became known as the Pusan Perimeter. As the Pusan Perimeter held, General MacArthur spotted a weakness in the North Korean positions. With supply and communication lines stretched thin, the North Koreans were vulnerable in the middle. On September 15, 1950, General MacArthur launched a dramatic counterattack. American and other UN troops came ashore at Inchon, the seaport of the city of Seoul, and quickly broke through the North Korean lines. Suddenly, their advanced positions became threatened from two sides, forcing the North Koreans to retreat.
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__http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmacarthur.htm__